The ingrown toenail is one of the most common conditions on the foot that people suffer from. It is extremely painful and is caused when the side of the toenail grows over the edge of the nail and actually grows into the skin.
There are many reasons why ingrown toenails can occur, including nails being too long. In addition, trauma to the nail can also cause the nail to become jammed into the skin, thereby causing an ingrown nail. Also, incorrect cutting and genetic predisposition can also be factors.
Sometimes a patient can self-treat an ingrown toenail with a mild antiseptic and by soaking the area in antibacterial soap with some water. However if the condition does not improve within twenty four hours, the patient should see a podiatrist as soon as possible.
If surgery is needed to treat in ingrown toenail, local anesthetic is used. If it is a one-time problem, simply trimming the nail is the most effective way to treat it. However if the ingrown nail is recurring, then a permanent excision of a small portion of the nail is required.